Six Months Passport Validity Rule

What is the six-months passport validity rule? When traveling overseas, most people know that a valid United States passport is required to enter an international destination. But, what is unknown to the traveler is that some countries would need to have enough six-month validity on their passport to travel to the country known as the six months validity passport rule for visitors.  Therefore, if your passport expires within the next six months or some cases, three months, some countries will refuse to give you entry into the country.

Hence, this rule is in place so that if the un-expecting visitor needs to stay for up to six months, his/her passport would be valid to leave the country.

What is the Six Month Passport Validity Rule?

The 6 Month Validity Rule is imposed by foreign countries and not by the United States of America. It merely means that your passport should be valid for more than six months before you would be allowed to enter a foreign country that imposes the six-month rule. This rule is imposed by some of the countries we have listed below. This rule is prevalent in the Asian continent, such as China and Hong Kong.

Countries That Enforce the Six-Month Passport Rule

The six-month rule is enforced by countries outside the US and not the US. So, be aware when you plan to visit another country and know the rules when entering or leaving.

Central America

Almost all countries enforce the six-month validity rule except one in Central America. They are: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua enforce the law. Panama and Honduras are the only two countries that impose a three-month validity rule.


Most countries in the Caribbean require you to have a passport with at least six months of validity. The ones that do not are US Territories like US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico or The Bahamas, Barbados, Dominican Republic, and Haiti. The ones that do require are Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Barthelemy, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, and Trinidad and Tobago.

South America

There are a handful of countries in South America that implemented the Six-Month Rule. They are Bolivia, Ecuador, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. The others, Argentina, Brazil, Peru, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay, require visitors to have a valid passport when entering.


In Europe, the rule was signed by a group of countries known as the Schengen Treaty. These countries include Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland.

The Schengen Treaty refers to a 3+3 rule where the passport must have a three-month validity, and the maximum stay time is three months. So, the passport must have a minimum of six months’ validity to enter and stay in the country.


Some countries apply the six-month rule in Africa, while others only require a valid passport. Here is the list of countries that use the rule: Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.

Middle East

Most Middle Eastern nations apply the six-month rule. Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, West Bank/Gaza Strip, and Yemen.

Asia and India

Asian countries implement the six-month validity rule except for Hong Kong and Macau, which use one-month validity. Russia and India also use the six-month rule.

South Pacific

All the countries in South Pacific, except the US Territories and New Zealand, require the six-month validity rule. New Zealand uses one-month validity for departure. The South Pacific countries that use the law are French Polynesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu.

Expedite Passport Renewal

If your passport is about to expire, one recommendation is that you renew your passport nine (9) months before your passport expires. So this would give you enough time to apply for a U.S. passport with the passport office.

For expedited passport renewal which is if you are traveling within fourteen (14) days or thirty (28) days and if a visa is required, then you have to fill out the Application Form DS-82 and apply at a regional passport agency.

The post offices are not recommended in this situation. The turnaround time to expedite a passport renewal at the post office is two (2) to four (4) weeks. Hence, you have two options to expedite your passport. The recommended option is to visit a passport agency in your area. The other option would be a private expediting company. But, these companies charge for their services ranging from $79 to $999.00.


Even though many countries implemented the six-month validity rule, other restrictions are enforced to enter these countries. Some require a passport to have one clean page per stamp or at least one available sheet. Also, a visa is a requirement to enter some countries. Be aware of this significant document because without it, when it is required, you will not be allowed to board your flight or enter the country you plan to visit.

Having a passport with plenty of validity before travel is best and wise. Also, it is necessary to know some laws of the country you plan to visit to avoid any mishaps or know what to do when you are there.